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Trump Administration Accomplishments As of January 2021
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2021-03-31 00:26:20 UTC
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As of January 2021

Trump Administration Accomplishments

Unprecedented Economic Boom
Before the China Virus invaded our shores, we built the world’s most
prosperous economy.

America gained 7 million new jobs – more than three times government
experts’ projections.
Middle-Class family income increased nearly $6,000 – more than five times
the gains during the entire previous administration.
The unemployment rate reached 3.5 percent, the lowest in a half-century.
Achieved 40 months in a row with more job openings than job-hirings.
More Americans reported being employed than ever before – nearly 160
million.
Jobless claims hit a nearly 50-year low.
The number of people claiming unemployment insurance as a share of the
population hit its lowest on record.
Incomes rose in every single metro area in the United States for the first
time in nearly 3 decades.

Delivered a future of greater promise and opportunity for citizens of all
backgrounds.

Unemployment rates for African Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian
Americans, Native Americans, veterans, individuals with disabilities, and
those without a high school diploma all reached record lows.
Unemployment for women hit its lowest rate in nearly 70 years.
Lifted nearly 7 million people off of food stamps.
Poverty rates for African Americans and Hispanic Americans reached record
lows.
Income inequality fell for two straight years, and by the largest amount
in over a decade.
The bottom 50 percent of American households saw a 40 percent increase in
net worth.
Wages rose fastest for low-income and blue collar workers – a 16 percent
pay increase.
African American homeownership increased from 41.7 percent to 46.4
percent.

Brought jobs, factories, and industries back to the USA.

Created more than 1.2 million manufacturing and construction jobs.
Put in place policies to bring back supply chains from overseas.
Small business optimism broke a 35-year old record in 2018.

Hit record stock market numbers and record 401ks.

The DOW closed above 20,000 for the first time in 2017 and topped 30,000
in 2020.
The S&P 500 and NASDAQ have repeatedly notched record highs.

Rebuilding and investing in rural America.

Signed an Executive Order on Modernizing the Regulatory Framework for
Agricultural Biotechnology Products, which is bringing innovative new
technologies to market in American farming and agriculture.
Strengthened America’s rural economy by investing over $1.3 billion
through the Agriculture Department’s ReConnect Program to bring high-speed
broadband infrastructure to rural America.

Achieved a record-setting economic comeback by rejecting blanket
lockdowns.

An October 2020 Gallup survey found 56 percent of Americans said they were
better off during a pandemic than four years prior.
During the third quarter of 2020, the economy grew at a rate of 33.1
percent – the most rapid GDP growth ever recorded.
Since coronavirus lockdowns ended, the economy has added back over 12
million jobs, more than half the jobs lost.
Jobs have been recovered 23 times faster than the previous
administration’s recovery.
Unemployment fell to 6.7 percent in December, from a pandemic peak of 14.7
percent in April – beating expectations of well over 10 percent
unemployment through the end of 2020.
Under the previous administration, it took 49 months for the unemployment
rate to fall from 10 percent to under 7 percent compared to just 3 months
for the Trump Administration.
Since April, the Hispanic unemployment rate has fallen by 9.6 percent,
Asian-American unemployment by 8.6 percent, and Black American
unemployment by 6.8 percent.
80 percent of small businesses are now open, up from just 53 percent in
April.
Small business confidence hit a new high.
Homebuilder confidence reached an all-time high, and home sales hit their
highest reading since December 2006.
Manufacturing optimism nearly doubled.
Household net worth rose $7.4 trillion in Q2 2020 to $112 trillion, an
all-time high.
Home prices hit an all-time record high.
The United States rejected crippling lockdowns that crush the economy and
inflict countless public health harms and instead safely reopened its
economy.
Business confidence is higher in America than in any other G7 or European
Union country.
Stabilized America’s financial markets with the establishment of a number
of Treasury Department supported facilities at the Federal Reserve.

Tax Relief for the Middle Class

Passed $3.2 trillion in historic tax relief and reformed the tax code.

Signed the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act – the largest tax reform package in
history.
More than 6 million American workers received wage increases, bonuses, and
increased benefits thanks to the tax cuts.
A typical family of four earning $75,000 received an income tax cut of
more than $2,000 – slashing their tax bill in half.
Doubled the standard deduction – making the first $24,000 earned by a
married couple completely tax-free.
Doubled the child tax credit.
Virtually eliminated the unfair Estate Tax, or Death Tax.
Cut the business tax rate from 35 percent – the highest in the developed
world – all the way down to 21 percent.
Small businesses can now deduct 20 percent of their business income.
Businesses can now deduct 100 percent of the cost of their capital
investments in the year the investment is made.
Since the passage of tax cuts, the share of total wealth held by the
bottom half of households has increased, while the share held by the top 1
percent has decreased.
Over 400 companies have announced bonuses, wage increases, new hires, or
new investments in the United States.
Over $1.5 trillion was repatriated into the United States from overseas.
Lower investment cost and higher capital returns led to faster growth in
the middle class, real wages, and international competitiveness.

Jobs and investments are pouring into Opportunity Zones.

Created nearly 9,000 Opportunity Zones where capital gains on long-term
investments are taxed at zero.
Opportunity Zone designations have increased property values within them
by 1.1 percent, creating an estimated $11 billion in wealth for the nearly
half of Opportunity Zone residents who own their own home.
Opportunity Zones have attracted $75 billion in funds and driven $52
billion of new investment in economically distressed communities, creating
at least 500,000 new jobs.
Approximately 1 million Americans will be lifted from poverty as a result
of these new investments.
Private equity investments into businesses in Opportunity Zones were
nearly 30 percent higher than investments into businesses in similar areas
that were not designated Opportunity Zones.

Massive Deregulation

Ended the regulatory assault on American Businesses and Workers.

Instead of 2-for-1, we eliminated 8 old regulations for every 1 new
regulation adopted.
Provided the average American household an extra $3,100 every year.
Reduced the direct cost of regulatory compliance by $50 billion, and will
reduce costs by an additional $50 billion in FY 2020 alone.
Removed nearly 25,000 pages from the Federal Register – more than any
other president. The previous administration added over 16,000 pages.
Established the Governors’ Initiative on Regulatory Innovation to reduce
outdated regulations at the state, local, and tribal levels.
Signed an executive order to make it easier for businesses to offer
retirement plans.
Signed two executive orders to increase transparency in Federal agencies
and protect Americans and their small businesses from administrative
abuse.
Modernized the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for the first time
in over 40 years.
Reduced approval times for major infrastructure projects from 10 or more
years down to 2 years or less.
Helped community banks by signing legislation that rolled back costly
provisions of Dodd-Frank.
Established the White House Council on Eliminating Regulatory Barriers to
Affordable Housing to bring down housing costs.
Removed regulations that threatened the development of a strong and stable
internet.
Eased and simplified restrictions on rocket launches, helping to spur
commercial investment in space projects.
Published a whole-of-government strategy focused on ensuring American
leadership in automated vehicle technology.
Streamlined energy efficiency regulations for American families and
businesses, including preserving affordable lightbulbs, enhancing the
utility of showerheads, and enabling greater time savings with
dishwashers.
Removed unnecessary regulations that restrict the seafood industry and
impede job creation.
Modernized the Department of Agriculture’s biotechnology regulations to
put America in the lead to develop new technologies.
Took action to suspend regulations that would have slowed our response to
COVID-19, including lifting restrictions on manufacturers to more quickly
produce ventilators.

Successfully rolled back burdensome regulatory overreach.

Rescinded the previous administration’s Affirmatively Furthering Fair
Housing (AFFH) rule, which would have abolished zoning for single-family
housing to build low-income, federally subsidized apartments.
Issued a final rule on the Fair Housing Act’s disparate impact standard.
Eliminated the Waters of the United States Rule and replaced it with the
Navigable Waters Protection Rule, providing relief and certainty for
farmers and property owners.
Repealed the previous administration’s costly fuel economy regulations by
finalizing the Safer Affordable Fuel Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles rule, which
will make cars more affordable, and lower the price of new vehicles by an
estimated $2,200.

Americans now have more money in their pockets.

Deregulation had an especially beneficial impact on low-income Americans
who pay a much higher share of their incomes for overregulation.
Cut red tape in the healthcare industry, providing Americans with more
affordable healthcare and saving Americans nearly 10 percent on
prescription drugs.
Deregulatory efforts yielded savings to the medical community an estimated
$6.6 billion – with a reduction of 42 million hours of regulatory
compliance work through 2021.
Removed government barriers to personal freedom and consumer choice in
healthcare.
Once fully in effect, 20 major deregulatory actions undertaken by the
Trump Administration are expected to save American consumers and
businesses over $220 billion per year.
Signed 16 pieces of deregulatory legislation that will result in a $40
billion increase in annual real incomes.

Fair and Reciprocal Trade

Secured historic trade deals to defend American workers.

Immediately withdrew from the job-killing Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
Ended the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), and replaced it
with the brand new United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA).
The USMCA contains powerful new protections for American manufacturers,
auto-makers, farmers, dairy producers, and workers.
The USMCA is expected to generate over $68 billion in economic activity
and potentially create over 550,000 new jobs over ten years.
Signed an executive order making it government policy to Buy American and
Hire American, and took action to stop the outsourcing of jobs overseas.
Negotiated with Japan to slash tariffs and open its market to $7 billion
in American agricultural products and ended its ban on potatoes and lamb.
Over 90 percent of American agricultural exports to Japan now receive
preferential treatment, and most are duty-free.
Negotiated another deal with Japan to boost $40 billion worth of digital
trade.
Renegotiated the United States-Korea Free Trade Agreement, doubling the
cap on imports of American vehicles and extending the American light truck
tariff.
Reached a written, fully-enforceable Phase One trade agreement with China
on confronting pirated and counterfeit goods, and the protection of
American ideas, trade secrets, patents, and trademarks.
China agreed to purchase an additional $200 billion worth of United States
exports and opened market access for over 4,000 American facilities to
exports while all tariffs remained in effect.
Achieved a mutual agreement with the European Union (EU) that addresses
unfair trade practices and increases duty-free exports by 180 percent to
$420 million.
Secured a pledge from the EU to eliminate tariffs on American lobster –
the first United States-European Union negotiated tariff reduction in over
20 years.
Scored a historic victory by overhauling the Universal Postal Union, whose
outdated policies were undermining American workers and interests.
Engaged extensively with trade partners like the EU and Japan to advance
reforms to the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Issued a first-ever comprehensive report on the WTO Appellate Body’s
failures to comply with WTO rules and interpret WTO agreements as written.
Blocked nominees to the WTO’s Appellate Body until WTO Members recognize
and address longstanding issues with Appellate Body activism.
Submitted 5 papers to the WTO Committee on Agriculture to improve Members’
understanding of how trade policies are implemented, highlight areas for
improved transparency, and encourage members to maintain up-to-date
notifications on market access and domestic support.

Took strong actions to confront unfair trade practices and put America
First.

Imposed tariffs on hundreds of billions worth of Chinese goods to protect
American jobs and stop China’s abuses under Section 232 of the Trade
Expansion Act of 1962 and Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974.
Directed an all-of-government effort to halt and punish efforts by the
Communist Party of China to steal and profit from American innovations and
intellectual property.
Imposed tariffs on foreign aluminum and foreign steel to protect our vital
industries and support our national security.
Approved tariffs on $1.8 billion in imports of washing machines and $8.5
billion in imports of solar panels.
Blocked illegal timber imports from Peru.
Took action against France for its digital services tax that unfairly
targets American technology companies.
Launched investigations into digital services taxes that have been
proposed or adopted by 10 other countries.

Historic support for American farmers.

Successfully negotiated more than 50 agreements with countries around the
world to increase foreign market access and boost exports of American
agriculture products, supporting more than 1 million American jobs.
Authorized $28 billion in aid for farmers who have been subjected to
unfair trade practices – fully funded by the tariffs paid by China.
China lifted its ban on poultry, opened its market to beef, and agreed to
purchase at least $80 billion of American agricultural products in the
next two years.
The European Union agreed to increase beef imports by 180 percent and
opened up its market to more imports of soybeans.
South Korea lifted its ban on American poultry and eggs, and agreed to
provide market access for record exports of American rice.
Argentina lifted its ban on American pork.
Brazil agreed to increase wheat imports by $180 million a year and raised
its quotas for purchases of United States ethanol.
Guatemala and Tunisia opened up their markets to American eggs.
Won tariff exemptions in Ecuador for wheat and soybeans.
Suspended $817 million in trade preferences for Thailand under the
Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program due to its failure to
adequately provide reasonable market access for American pork products.
The amount of food stamps redeemed at farmers markets increased from $1.4
million in May 2020 to $1.75 million in September 2020 – a 50 percent
increase over last year.
Rapidly deployed the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program, which provided
$30 billion in support to farmers and ranchers facing decreased prices and
market disruption when COVID-19 impacted the food supply chain.
Authorized more than $6 billion for the Farmers to Families Food Box
program, which delivered over 128 million boxes of locally sourced,
produce, meat, and dairy products to charity and faith-based organizations
nationwide.
Delegated authorities via the Defense Production Act to protect breaks in
the American food supply chain as a result of COVID-19.

American Energy Independence

Unleashed America’s oil and natural gas potential.

For the first time in nearly 70 years, the United States has become a net
energy exporter.
The United States is now the number one producer of oil and natural gas in
the world.
Natural gas production reached a record-high of 34.9 quads in 2019,
following record high production in 2018 and in 2017.
The United States has been a net natural gas exporter for three
consecutive years and has an export capacity of nearly 10 billion cubic
feet per day.
Withdrew from the unfair, one-sided Paris Climate Agreement.
Canceled the previous administration’s Clean Power Plan, and replaced it
with the new Affordable Clean Energy rule.
Approved the Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines.
Opened up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska to oil and
gas leasing.
Repealed the last administration’s Federal Coal Leasing Moratorium, which
prohibited coal leasing on Federal lands.
Reformed permitting rules to eliminate unnecessary bureaucracy and speed
approval for mines.
Fixed the New Source Review permitting program, which punished companies
for upgrading or repairing coal power plants.
Fixed the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) steam electric and coal
ash rules.
The average American family saved $2,500 a year in lower electric bills
and lower prices at the gas pump.
Signed legislation repealing the harmful Stream Protection Rule.
Reduced the time to approve drilling permits on public lands by half,
increasing permit applications to drill on public lands by 300 percent.
Expedited approval of the NuStar’s New Burgos pipeline to export American
gasoline to Mexico.
Streamlined Liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal permitting and allowed
long-term LNG export authorizations to be extended through 2050.
The United States is now among the top three LNG exporters in the world.
Increased LNG exports five-fold since January 2017, reaching an all-time
high in January 2020.
LNG exports are expected to reduce the American trade deficit by over $10
billion.
Granted more than 20 new long-term approvals for LNG exports to non-free
trade agreement countries.
The development of natural gas and LNG infrastructure in the United States
is providing tens of thousands of jobs, and has led to the investment of
tens of billions of dollars in infrastructure.
There are now 6 LNG export facilities operating in the United States, with
2 additional export projects under construction.
The amount of nuclear energy production in 2019 was the highest on record,
through a combination of increased capacity from power plant upgrades and
shorter refueling and maintenance cycles.
Prevented Russian energy coercion across Europe through various lines of
effort, including the Partnership for Transatlantic Energy Cooperation,
civil nuclear deals with Romania and Poland, and opposition to Nord Stream
2 pipeline.
Issued the Presidential Permit for the A2A railroad between Canada and
Alaska, providing energy resources to emerging markets.

Increased access to our country’s abundant natural resources in order to
achieve energy independence.

Renewable energy production and consumption both reached record highs in
2019.
Enacted policies that helped double the amount of electricity generated by
solar and helped increase the amount of wind generation by 32 percent from
2016 through 2019.
Accelerated construction of energy infrastructure to ensure American
energy producers can deliver their products to the market.
Cut red tape holding back the construction of new energy infrastructure.
Authorized ethanol producers to sell E15 year-round and allowed higher-
ethanol gasoline to be distributed from existing pumps at filling
stations.
Ensured greater transparency and certainty in the Renewable Fuel Standard
(RFS) program.
Negotiated leasing capacity in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve to
Australia, providing American taxpayers a return on this infrastructure
investment.
Signed an executive order directing Federal agencies to work together to
diminish the capability of foreign adversaries to target our critical
electric infrastructure.
Reformed Section 401 of the Clean Water Act regulation to allow for the
curation of interstate infrastructure.
Resolved the OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) oil
crisis during COVID-19 by getting OPEC, Russia, and others to cut nearly
10 million barrels of production a day, stabilizing world oil prices.
Directed the Department of Energy to use the Strategic Petroleum Reserve
to mitigate market volatility caused by COVID-19.

Investing in America’s Workers and Families

Affordable and high-quality Child Care for American workers and their
families.

Doubled the Child Tax Credit from $1,000 to $2,000 per child and expanded
the eligibility for receiving the credit.
Nearly 40 million families benefitted from the child tax credit (CTC),
receiving an average benefit of $2,200 – totaling credits of approximately
$88 billion.
Signed the largest-ever increase in Child Care and Development Block
Grants – expanding access to quality, affordable child care for more than
800,000 low-income families.
Secured an additional $3.5 billion in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and
Economic Security (CARES) Act to help families and first responders with
child care needs.
Created the first-ever paid family leave tax credit for employees earning
$72,000 or less.
Signed into law 12-weeks of paid parental leave for Federal workers.
Signed into law a provision that enables new parents to withdraw up to
$5,000 from their retirement accounts without penalty when they give birth
to or adopt a child.

Advanced apprenticeship career pathways to good-paying jobs.

Expanded apprenticeships to more than 850,000 and established the new
Industry-Recognized Apprenticeship programs in new and emerging fields.
Established the National Council for the American Worker and the American
Workforce Policy Advisory Board.
Over 460 companies have signed the Pledge to America’s Workers, committing
to provide more than 16 million job and training opportunities.
Signed an executive order that directs the Federal government to replace
outdated degree-based hiring with skills-based hiring.

Advanced women’s economic empowerment.

Included women’s empowerment for the first time in the President’s 2017
National Security Strategy.
Signed into law key pieces of legislation, including the Women, Peace, and
Security Act and the Women Entrepreneurship and Economic Empowerment Act.
Launched the Women’s Global Development and Prosperity (W-GDP) Initiative
– the first-ever whole-of-government approach to women’s economic
empowerment that has reached 24 million women worldwide.
Established an innovative new W-GDP Fund at USAID.
Launched the Women Entrepreneurs Finance Initiative (We-Fi) with 13 other
nations.
Announced a $50 million donation on behalf of the United States to We-Fi
providing more capital to women-owned businesses around the world.
Released the first-ever Strategy on Women, Peace, and Security, which
focused on increasing women’s participation to prevent and resolve
conflicts.
Launched the W-GDP 2x Global Women’s Initiative with the Development
Finance Corporation, which has mobilized more than $3 billion in private
sector investments over three years.

Ensured American leadership in technology and innovation.

First administration to name artificial intelligence, quantum information
science, and 5G communications as national research and development
priorities.
Launched the American Broadband Initiative to promote the rapid deployment
of broadband internet across rural America.
Made 100 megahertz of crucial mid-band spectrum available for commercial
operations, a key factor to driving widespread 5G access across rural
America.
Launched the American AI Initiative to ensure American leadership in
artificial intelligence (AI), and established the National AI Initiative
Office at the White House.
Established the first-ever principles for Federal agency adoption of AI to
improve services for the American people.
Signed the National Quantum Initiative Act establishing the National
Quantum Coordination Office at the White House to drive breakthroughs in
quantum information science.
Signed the Secure 5G and Beyond Act to ensure America leads the world in
5G.
Launched a groundbreaking program to test safe and innovative commercial
drone operations nationwide.
Issued new rulemaking to accelerate the return of American civil
supersonic aviation.
Committed to doubling investments in AI and quantum information science
(QIS) research and development.
Announced the establishment of $1 billion AI and quantum research
institutes across America.
Established the largest dual-use 5G test sites in the world to advance 5G
commercial and military innovation.
Signed landmark Prague Principles with America’s allies to advance the
deployment of secure 5G telecommunications networks.
Signed first-ever bilateral AI cooperation agreement with the United
Kingdom.
Built collation among allies to ban Chinese Telecom Company Huawei from
their 5G infrastructure.

Preserved American jobs for American workers and rejected the importation
of cheap foreign labor.

Pressured the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) to reverse their decision
to lay off over 200 American workers and replace them with cheaper foreign
workers.
Removed the TVA Chairman of the Board and a TVA Board Member.

Life-Saving Response to the China Virus

Restricted travel to the United States from infected regions of the world.

Suspended all travel from China, saving thousands of lives.
Required all American citizens returning home from designated outbreak
countries to return through designated airports with enhanced screening
measures, and to undergo a self-quarantine.
Announced further travel restrictions on Iran, the Schengen Area of
Europe, the United Kingdom, Ireland, and Brazil.
Issued travel advisory warnings recommending that American citizens avoid
all international travel.
Reached bilateral agreements with Mexico and Canada to suspend non-
essential travel and expeditiously return illegal aliens.
Repatriated over 100,000 American citizens stranded abroad on more than
1,140 flights from 136 countries and territories.
Safely transported, evacuated, treated, and returned home trapped
passengers on cruise ships.
Took action to authorize visa sanctions on foreign governments who impede
our efforts to protect American citizens by refusing or unreasonably
delaying the return of their own citizens, subjects, or residents from the
United States.

Acted early to combat the China Virus in the United States.

Established the White House Coronavirus Task Force, with leading experts
on infectious diseases, to manage the Administration’s efforts to mitigate
the spread of COVID-19 and to keep workplaces safe.
Pledged in the State of the Union address to “take all necessary steps to
safeguard our citizens from the Virus,” while the Democrats’ response made
not a single mention of COVID-19 or even the threat of China.
Declared COVID-19 a National Emergency under the Stafford Act.
Established the 24/7 FEMA National Response Coordination Center.
Released guidance recommending containment measures critical to slowing
the spread of the Virus, decompressing peak burden on hospitals and
infrastructure, and diminishing health impacts.
Implemented strong community mitigation strategies to sharply reduce the
number of lives lost in the United States down from experts’ projection of
up to 2.2 million deaths in the United States without mitigation.
Halted American funding to the World Health Organization to counter its
egregious bias towards China that jeopardized the safety of Americans.
Announced plans for withdrawal from the World Health Organization and
redirected contribution funds to help meet global public health needs.
Called on the United Nations to hold China accountable for their handling
of the virus, including refusing to be transparent and failing to contain
the virus before it spread.

Re-purposed domestic manufacturing facilities to ensure frontline workers
had critical supplies.

Distributed billions of pieces of Personal Protective Equipment, including
gloves, masks, gowns, and face shields.
Invoked the Defense Production Act over 100 times to accelerate the
development and manufacturing of essential material in the USA.
Made historic investments of more than $3 billion into the industrial
base.
Contracted with companies such as Ford, General Motors, Philips, and
General Electric to produce ventilators.
Contracted with Honeywell, 3M, O&M Halyard, Moldex, and Lydall to increase
our Nation’s production of N-95 masks.
The Army Corps of Engineers built 11,000 beds, distributed 10,000
ventilators, and surged personnel to hospitals.
Converted the Javits Center in New York into a 3,000-bed hospital, and
opened medical facilities in Seattle and New Orleans.
Dispatched the USNS Comfort to New York City, and the USNS Mercy to Los
Angeles.
Deployed thousands of FEMA employees, National Guard members, and military
forces to help in the response.
Provided support to states facing new emergences of the virus, including
surging testing sites, deploying medical personnel, and advising on
mitigation strategies.
Announced Federal support to governors for use of the National Guard with
100 percent cost-share.
Established the Supply Chain Task Force as a “control tower” to
strategically allocate high-demand medical supplies and PPE to areas of
greatest need.
Requested critical data elements from states about the status of hospital
capacity, ventilators, and PPE.
Executed nearly 250 flights through Project Air Bridge to transport
hundreds of millions of surgical masks, N95 respirators, gloves, and gowns
from around the world to hospitals and facilities throughout the United
States.
Signed an executive order invoking the Defense Production Act to ensure
that Americans have a reliable supply of products like beef, pork, and
poultry.
Stabilized the food supply chain restoring the Nation’s protein processing
capacity through a collaborative approach with Federal, state, and local
officials and industry partners.
The continued movement of food and other critical items of daily life
distributed to stores and to American homes went unaffected.

Replenished the depleted Strategic National Stockpile.

Increased the number of ventilators nearly ten-fold to more than 153,000.
Despite the grim projections from the media and governors, no American who
has needed a ventilator has been denied a ventilator.
Increased the number of N95 masks fourteen-fold to more than 176 million.
Issued an executive order ensuring critical medical supplies are produced
in the United States.

Created the largest, most advanced, and most innovative testing system in
the world.

Built the world’s leading testing system from scratch, conducting over 200
million tests – more than all of the European Union combined.
Engaged more than 400 test developers to increase testing capacity from
less than 100 tests per day to more than 2 million tests per day.
Slashed red tape and approved Emergency Use Authorizations for more than
300 different tests, including 235 molecular tests, 63 antibody tests, and
11 antigen tests.
Delivered state-of-the-art testing devices and millions of tests to every
certified nursing home in the country.
Announced more flexibility to Medicare Advantage and Part D plans to waive
cost-sharing for tests.
Over 2,000 retail pharmacy stores, including CVS, Walmart, and Walgreens,
are providing testing using new regulatory and reimbursement options.
Deployed tens of millions of tests to nursing homes, assisted living
facilities, historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs), tribes,
disaster relief operations, Home Health/Hospice organizations, and the
Veterans Health Administration.
Began shipping 150 million BinaxNOW rapid tests to states, long-term care
facilities, the IHS, HBCUs, and other key partners.

Pioneered groundbreaking treatments and therapies that reduced the
mortality rate by 85 percent, saving over 2 million lives.

The United States has among the lowest case fatality rates in the entire
world.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched the Coronavirus Treatment
Acceleration Program to expedite the regulatory review process for
therapeutics in clinical trials, accelerate the development and
publication of industry guidance on developing treatments, and utilize
regulatory flexibility to help facilitate the scaling-up of manufacturing
capacity.
More than 370 therapies are in clinical trials and another 560 are in the
planning stages.
Announced $450 million in available funds to support the manufacturing of
Regeneron’s antibody cocktail.
Shipped tens of thousands of doses of the Regeneron drug.
Authorized an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) for convalescent plasma.
Treated around 100,000 patients with convalescent plasma, which may reduce
mortality by 50 percent.
Provided $48 million to fund the Mayo Clinic study that tested the
efficacy of convalescent plasma for patients with COVID-19.
Made an agreement to support the large-scale manufacturing of
AstraZeneca’s cocktail of two monoclonal antibodies.
Approved Remdesivir as the first COVID-19 treatment, which could reduce
hospitalization time by nearly a third.
Secured more than 90 percent of the world’s supply of Remdesivir, enough
to treat over 850,000 high-risk patients.
Granted an EUA to Eli Lilly for its anti-body treatments.
Finalized an agreement with Eli Lilly to purchase the first doses of the
company’s investigational antibody therapeutic.
Provided up to $270 million to the American Red Cross and America’s Blood
Centers to support the collection of up to 360,000 units of plasma.
Launched a nationwide campaign to ask patients who have recovered from
COVID-19 to donate plasma.
Announced Phase 3 clinical trials for varying types of blood thinners to
treat adults diagnosed with COVID-19.
Issued an EUA for the monoclonal antibody therapy bamlanivimab.
FDA issued an EUA for casirivimab and imdevimab to be administered
together.
Launched the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium with private
sector and academic leaders unleashing America’s supercomputers to
accelerate coronavirus research.

Brought the full power of American medicine and government to produce a
safe and effective vaccine in record time.

Launched Operation Warp Speed to initiate an unprecedented drive to
develop and make available an effective vaccine by January 2021.
Pfizer and Moderna developed two vaccines in just nine months, five times
faster than the fastest prior vaccine development in American history.
Pfizer and Moderna’s vaccines are approximately 95 effective – far
exceeding all expectations.
AstraZeneca and Johnson & Johnson also both have promising candidates in
the final stage of clinical trials.
The vaccines will be administered within 24 hours of FDA-approval.
Made millions of vaccine doses available before the end of 2020, with
hundreds of millions more to quickly follow.
FedEx and UPS will ship doses from warehouses directly to local
pharmacies, hospitals, and healthcare providers.
Finalized a partnership with CVS and Walgreens to deliver vaccines
directly to residents of nursing homes and long-term care facilities as
soon as a state requests it, at no cost to America’s seniors.
Signed an executive order to ensure that the United States government
prioritizes getting the vaccine to American citizens before sending it to
other nations.
Provided approximately $13 billion to accelerate vaccine development and
to manufacture all of the top candidates in advance.
Provided critical investments of $4.1 billion to Moderna to support the
development, manufacturing, and distribution of their vaccines.
Moderna announced its vaccine is 95 percent effective and is pending FDA
approval.
Provided Pfizer up to $1.95 billion to support the mass-manufacturing and
nationwide distribution of their vaccine candidate.
Pfizer announced its vaccine is 95 percent effective and is pending FDA
approval.
Provided approximately $1 billion to support the manufacturing and
distribution of Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine candidate.
Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine candidate reached the final stage of clinical
trials.
Made up to $1.2 billion available to support AstraZeneca’s vaccine
candidate.
AstraZeneca’s vaccine candidate reached the final stage of clinical
trials.
Made an agreement to support the large-scale manufacturing of Novavax’s
vaccine candidate with 100 million doses expected.
Partnered with Sanofi and GSK to support large-scale manufacturing of a
COVID-19 investigational vaccine.
Awarded $200 million in funding to support vaccine preparedness and plans
for the immediate distribution and administration of vaccines.
Provided $31 million to Cytvia for vaccine-related consumable products.
Under the PREP Act, issued guidance authorizing qualified pharmacy
technicians to administer vaccines.
Announced that McKesson Corporation will produce store, and distribute
vaccine ancillary supply kits on behalf of the Strategic National
Stockpile to help healthcare workers who will administer vaccines.
Announced partnership with large-chain, independent, and regional
pharmacies to deliver vaccines.

Prioritized resources for the most vulnerable Americans, including nursing
home residents.

Quickly established guidelines for nursing homes and expanded telehealth
opportunities to protect vulnerable seniors.
Increased surveillance, oversight, and transparency of all 15,417 Medicare
and Medicaid nursing homes by requiring them to report cases of COVID-19
to all residents, their families, and the Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC).
Required that all nursing homes test staff regularly.
Launched an unprecedented national nursing home training curriculum to
equip nursing home staff with the knowledge they need to stop the spread
of COVID-19.
Delivered $81 million for increased inspections and funded 35,000 members
of the Nation Guard to deliver critical supplies to every Medicare-
certified nursing homes.
Deployed Federal Task Force Strike Teams to provide onsite technical
assistance and education to nursing homes experiencing outbreaks.
Distributed tens of billions of dollars in Provider Relief Funds to
protect nursing homes, long-term care facilities, safety-net hospitals,
rural hospitals, and communities hardest hit by the virus.
Released 1.5 million N95 respirators from the Strategic National Stockpile
for distribution to over 3,000 nursing home facilities.
Directed the White House Opportunity and Revitalization Council to refocus
on underserved communities impacted by the coronavirus.
Required that testing results reported include data on race, gender,
ethnicity, and ZIP code, to ensure that resources were directed to
communities disproportionately harmed by the virus.
Ensured testing was offered at 95 percent of Federally Qualified Health
Centers (FQHC), which serve over 29 million patients in 12,000 communities
across the Nation.
Invested an unprecedented $8 billion in tribal communities.
Maintained safe access for Veterans to VA healthcare throughout the COVID-
19 Pandemic and supported non-VA hospital systems and private and state-
run nursing homes with VA clinical teams.
Signed legislation ensuring no reduction of VA education benefits under
the GI Bill for online distance learning.

Supported Americans as they safely return to school and work.

Issued the Guidelines for Opening Up America Again, a detailed blueprint
to help governors as they began reopening the country. Focused on
protecting the most vulnerable and mitigating the risk of any resurgence,
while restarting the economy and allowing Americans to safely return to
their jobs.
Helped Americans return to work by providing extensive guidance on
workplace-safety measures to protect against COVID-19, and investigating
over 10,000 coronavirus-related complaints and referrals.
Provided over $31 billion to support elementary and secondary schools.
Distributed 125 million face masks to school districts.
Provided comprehensive guidelines to schools on how to protect and
identify high-risk individuals, prevent the spread of COVID-19, and
conduct safe in-person teaching.
Brought back the safe return of college athletics, including Big Ten and
Pac-12 football.

Rescued the American economy with nearly $3.4 trillion in relief, the
largest financial aid package in history.

Secured an initial $8.3 billion Coronavirus Preparedness and Response Act,
supporting the development of treatments and vaccines, and to procure
critical medical supplies and equipment.
Signed the $100 billion Families First Coronavirus Relief Act,
guaranteeing free coronavirus testing, emergency paid sick leave and
family leave, Medicaid funding, and food assistance.
Signed the $2.3 trillion Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security
(CARES) Act, providing unprecedented and immediate relief to American
families, workers, and businesses.
Signed additional legislation providing nearly $900 billion in support for
coronavirus emergency response and relief, including critically needed
funds to continue the Paycheck Protection Program.
Signed the Paycheck Protection Program and Healthcare Enhancement Act,
adding an additional $310 billion to replenish the program.
Delivered approximately 160 million relief payments to hardworking
Americans.
Through the Paycheck Protection Program, approved over $525 billion in
forgivable loans to more than 5.2 million small businesses, supporting
more than 51 million American jobs.
The Treasury Department approved the establishment of the Money Market
Mutual Fund Liquidity Facility to provide liquidity to the financial
system.
The Treasury Department, working with the Federal Reserve, was able to
leverage approximately $4 trillion in emergency lending facilities.
Signed an executive order extending expanded unemployment benefits.
Signed an executive order to temporarily suspend student loan payments,
evictions, and collection of payroll taxes.
Small Business Administration expanded access to emergency economic
assistance for small businesses, faith-based, and religious entities.
Protected jobs for American workers impacted by COVID-19 by temporarily
suspending several job-related nonimmigrant visas, including H-1B’s, H-
2B’s without a nexus to the food-supply chain, certain H-4’s, as well as
L’s and certain J’s.

Great Healthcare for Americans

Empowered American patients by greatly expanding healthcare choice,
transparency, and affordability.

Eliminated the Obamacare individual mandate – a financial relief to low
and middle-income households that made up nearly 80 percent of the
families who paid the penalty for not wanting to purchase health
insurance.
Increased choice for consumers by promoting competition in the individual
health insurance market leading to lower premiums for three years in a
row.
Under the Trump Administration, more than 90 percent of the counties have
multiple options on the individual insurance market to choose from.
Offered Association Health Plans, which allow employers to pool together
and offer more affordable, quality health coverage to their employees at
up to 30 percent lower cost.
Increased availability of short-term, limited-duration health plans, which
can cost up to 60 percent less than traditional plans, giving Americans
more flexibility to choose plans that suit their needs.
Expanded Health Reimbursement Arrangements, allowing millions of Americans
to be able to shop for a plan of their choice on the individual market,
and then have their employer cover the cost.
Added 2,100 new Medicare Advantage plan options since 2017, a 76 percent
increase.
Lowered Medicare Advantage premiums by 34 percent nationwide to the lowest
level in 14 years. Medicare health plan premium savings for beneficiaries
have totaled $nearly 1.5 billion since 2017.
Improved access to tax-free health savings accounts for individuals with
chronic conditions.
Eliminated costly Obamacare taxes, including the health insurance tax, the
medical device tax, and the “Cadillac tax.”
Worked with states to create more flexibility and relief from oppressive
Obamacare regulations, including reinsurance waivers to help lower
premiums.
Released legislative principles to end surprise medical billing.
Finalized requirements for unprecedented price transparency from hospitals
and insurance companies so patients know what the cost is before they
receive care.
Took action to require that hospitals make the prices they negotiate with
insurers publicly available and easily accessible online.
Improved patients access to their health data by penalizing hospitals and
causing clinicians to lose their incentive payments if they do not comply.
Expanded access to telehealth, especially in rural and underserved
communities.
Increased Medicare payments to rural hospitals to stem a decade of rising
closures and deliver enhanced access to care in rural areas.

Issued unprecedented reforms that dramatically lowered the price of
prescription drugs.

Lowered drug prices for the first time in 51 years.
Launched an initiative to stop global freeloading in the drug market.
Finalized a rule to allow the importation of prescription drugs from
Canada.
Finalized the Most Favored Nation Rule to ensure that pharmaceutical
companies offer the same discounts to the United States as they do to
other nations, resulting in an estimated $85 billion in savings over seven
years and $30 billion in out-of-pocket costs alone.
Proposed a rule requiring federally funded health centers to pass drug
company discounts on insulin and Epi-Pens directly to patients.
Ended the gag clauses that prevented pharmacists from informing patients
about the best prices for the medications they need.
Ended the costly kickbacks to middlemen and ensured that patients directly
benefit from available discounts at the pharmacy counter, saving Americans
up to 30 percent on brand name pharmaceuticals.
Enhanced Part D plans to provide many seniors with Medicare access to a
broad set of insulins at a maximum $35 copay for a month’s supply of each
type of insulin.
Reduced Medicare Part D prescription drug premiums, saving beneficiaries
nearly $2 billion in premium costs since 2017.
Ended the Unapproved Drugs Initiative, which provided market exclusivity
to generic drugs.

Promoted research and innovation in healthcare to ensure that American
patients have access to the best treatment in the world.

Signed first-ever executive order to affirm that it is the official policy
of the United States Government to protect patients with pre-existing
conditions.
Passed Right To Try to give terminally ill patients access to lifesaving
cures.
Signed an executive order to fight kidney disease with more transplants
and better treatment.
Signed into law a $1 billion increase in funding for critical Alzheimer’s
research.
Accelerated medical breakthroughs in genetic treatments for Sickle Cell
disease.
Finalized the interoperability rules that will give American patients
access to their electronic health records on their phones.
Initiated an effort to provide $500 million over the next decade to
improve pediatric cancer research.
Launched a campaign to end the HIV/AIDS epidemic in America in the next
decade.
Started a program to provide the HIV prevention drug PrEP to uninsured
patients for free.
Signed an executive order and awarded new development contracts to
modernize the influenza vaccine.

Protected our Nation’s seniors by safeguarding and strengthening Medicare.

Updated the way Medicare pays for innovative medical products to ensure
beneficiaries have access to the latest innovation and treatment.
Reduced improper payments for Medicare an estimated $15 billion since 2016
protecting taxpayer dollars and leading to less fraud, waste, and abuse.
Took rapid action to combat antimicrobial resistance and secure access to
life-saving new antibiotic drugs for American seniors, by removing several
financial disincentives and setting policies to reduce inappropriate use.
Launched new online tools, including eMedicare, Blue Button 2.0, and Care
Compare, to help seniors see what is covered, compare costs, streamline
data, and compare tools available on Medicare.gov.
Provided new Medicare Advantage supplemental benefits, including
modifications to help keep seniors safe in their homes, respite care for
caregivers, non-opioid pain management alternatives like therapeutic
massages, transportation, and more in-home support services and
assistance.
Protected Medicare beneficiaries by removing Social Security numbers from
all Medicare cards, a project completed ahead of schedule.
Unleashed unprecedented transparency in Medicare and Medicaid data to spur
research and innovation.

Remaking the Federal Judiciary

Appointed a historic number of Federal judges who will interpret the
Constitution as written.

Nominated and confirmed over 230 Federal judges.
Confirmed 54 judges to the United States Courts of Appeals, making up
nearly a third of the entire appellate bench.
Filled all Court of Appeals vacancies for the first time in four decades.
Flipped the Second, Third, and Eleventh Circuits from Democrat-appointed
majorities to Republican-appointed majorities. And dramatically reshaped
the long-liberal Ninth Circuit.

Appointed three Supreme Court justices, expanding its conservative-
appointed majority to 6-3.

Appointed Justice Neil Gorsuch to replace Justice Antonin Scalia.
Appointed Justice Brett Kavanaugh to replace Justice Anthony Kennedy.
Appointed Justice Amy Coney Barrett to replace Justice Ruth Bader
Ginsburg.

Achieving a Secure Border

Secured the Southern Border of the United States.

Built over 400 miles of the world’s most robust and advanced border wall.
Illegal crossings have plummeted over 87 percent where the wall has been
constructed.
Deployed nearly 5,000 troops to the Southern border. In addition, Mexico
deployed tens of thousands of their own soldiers and national guardsmen to
secure their side of the US-Mexico border.
Ended the dangerous practice of Catch-and-Release, which means that
instead of aliens getting released into the United States pending future
hearings never to be seen again, they are detained pending removal, and
then ultimately returned to their home countries.
Entered into three historic asylum cooperation agreements with Honduras,
El Salvador, and Guatemala to stop asylum fraud and resettle illegal
migrants in third-party nations pending their asylum applications.
Entered into a historic partnership with Mexico, referred to as the
“Migrant Protection Protocols,” to safely return asylum-seekers to Mexico
while awaiting hearings in the United States.

Fully enforced the immigration laws of the United States.

Signed an executive order to strip discretionary Federal grant funding
from deadly sanctuary cities.
Fully enforced and implemented statutorily authorized “expedited removal”
of illegal aliens.
The Department of Justice prosecuted a record-breaking number of
immigration-related crimes.
Used Section 243(d) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) to reduce
the number of aliens coming from countries whose governments refuse to
accept their nationals who were ordered removed from the United States.

Ended asylum fraud, shut down human smuggling traffickers, and solved the
humanitarian crisis across the Western Hemisphere.

Suspended, via regulation, asylum for aliens who had skipped previous
countries where they were eligible for asylum but opted to “forum shop”
and continue to the United States.
Safeguarded migrant families, and protected migrant safety, by
promulgating new regulations under the Flores Settlement Agreement.
Proposed regulations to end the practice of giving free work permits to
illegal aliens lodging meritless asylum claims.
Issued “internal relocation” guidance.
Cross-trained United States Border Patrol agents to conduct credible fear
screenings alongside USCIS (United States Citizenship and Immigration
Services) adjudication personnel to reduce massive backlogs.
Streamlined and expedited the asylum hearing process through both the
Prompt Asylum Claim Review (PACR) and the Humanitarian Asylum Review
Process (HARP).
Launched the Family Fraud Initiative to identify hundreds of individuals
who were fraudulently presenting themselves as family units at the border,
oftentimes with trafficking children, in order to ensure child welfare.
Improved screening in countries with high overstay rates and reduced visa
overstay rates in many of these countries.
Removed bureaucratic constraints on United States consular officers that
reduced their ability to appropriately vet visa applicants.
Worked with Mexico and other regional partners to dismantle the human
smuggling networks in our hemisphere that profit from human misery and
fuel the border crisis by exploiting vulnerable populations.

Secured our Nation’s immigration system against criminals and terrorists.

Instituted national security travel bans to keep out terrorists,
jihadists, and violent extremists, and implemented a uniform security and
information-sharing baseline all nations must meet in order for their
nationals to be able to travel to, and emigrate to, the United States.
Suspended refugee resettlement from the world’s most dangerous and terror-
afflicted regions.
Rebalanced refugee assistance to focus on overseas resettlement and
burden-sharing.
85 percent reduction in refugee resettlement.
Overhauled badly-broken refugee security screening process.
Required the Department of State to consult with states and localities as
part of the Federal government’s refugee resettlement process.
Issued strict sanctions on countries that have failed to take back their
own nationals.
Established the National Vetting Center, which is the most advanced and
comprehensive visa screening system anywhere in the world.

Protected American workers and taxpayers.

Issued a comprehensive “public charge” regulation to ensure newcomers to
the United States are financially self-sufficient and not reliant on
welfare.
Created an enforcement mechanism for sponsor repayment and deeming, to
ensure that people who are presenting themselves as sponsors are actually
responsible for sponsor obligations.
Issued regulations to combat the horrendous practice of “birth tourism.”
Issued a rule with the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
to make illegal aliens ineligible for public housing.
Issued directives requiring Federal agencies to hire United States workers
first and prioritizing the hiring of United States workers wherever
possible.
Suspended the entry of low-wage workers that threaten American jobs.
Finalized new H-1B regulations to permanently end the displacement of
United States workers and modify the administrative tools that are
required for H-1B visa issuance.
Defended United States sovereignty by withdrawing from the United Nations’
Global Compact on Migration.
Suspended Employment Authorization Documents for aliens who arrive
illegally between ports of entry and are ordered removed from the United
States.
Restored integrity to the use of Temporary Protected Status (TPS) by
strictly adhering to the statutory conditions required for TPS.

Restoring American Leadership Abroad

Restored America’s leadership in the world and successfully negotiated to
ensure our allies pay their fair share for our military protection.

Secured a $400 billion increase in defense spending from NATO (North
Atlantic Treaty Organization) allies by 2024, and the number of members
meeting their minimum obligations more than doubled.
Credited by Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg for strengthening NATO.
Worked to reform and streamline the United Nations (UN) and reduced
spending by $1.3 billion.
Allies, including Japan and the Republic of Korea, committed to increase
burden-sharing.
Protected our Second Amendment rights by announcing the United States will
never ratify the UN Arms Trade Treaty.
Returned 56 hostages and detainees from more than 24 countries.
Worked to advance a free and open Indo-Pacific region, promoting new
investments and expanding American partnerships.

Advanced peace through strength.

Withdrew from the horrible, one-sided Iran Nuclear Deal and imposed
crippling sanctions on the Iranian Regime.
Conducted vigorous enforcement on all sanctions to bring Iran’s oil
exports to zero and deny the regime its principal source of revenue.
First president to meet with a leader of North Korea and the first sitting
president to cross the demilitarized zone into North Korea.
Maintained a maximum pressure campaign and enforced tough sanctions on
North Korea while negotiating de-nuclearization, the release of American
hostages, and the return of the remains of American heroes.
Brokered economic normalization between Serbia and Kosovo, bolstering
peace in the Balkans.
Signed the Honk Kong Autonomy Act and ended the United States’
preferential treatment with Hong Kong to hold China accountable for its
infringement on the autonomy of Hong Kong.
Led allied efforts to defeat the Chinese Communist Party’s efforts to
control the international telecommunications system.

Renewed our cherished friendship and alliance with Israel and took
historic action to promote peace in the Middle East.

Recognized Jerusalem as the true capital of Israel and quickly moved the
American Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
Acknowledged Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights and declared that
Israeli settlements in the West Bank are not inconsistent with
international law.
Removed the United States from the United Nations Human Rights Council due
to the group’s blatant anti-Israel bias.
Brokered historic peace agreements between Israel and Arab-Muslim
countries, including the United Arab Emirates, the Kingdom of Bahrain, and
Sudan.
In addition, the United States negotiated a normalization agreement
between Israel and Morocco, and recognized Moroccan Sovereignty over the
entire Western Sahara, a position with long standing bipartisan support.
Brokered a deal for Kosovo to normalize ties and establish diplomatic
relations with Israel.
Announced that Serbia would move its embassy in Israel to Jerusalem.
First American president to address an assembly of leaders from more than
50 Muslim nations, and reach an agreement to fight terrorism in all its
forms.
Established the Etidal Center to combat terrorism in the Middle East in
conjunction with the Saudi Arabian Government.
Announced the Vision for Peace Political Plan – a two-state solution that
resolves the risks of Palestinian statehood to Israel’s security, and the
first time Israel has agreed to a map and a Palestinian state.
Released an economic plan to empower the Palestinian people and enhance
Palestinian governance through historic private investment.

Stood up against Communism and Socialism in the Western Hemisphere.

Reversed the previous Administration’s disastrous Cuba policy, canceling
the sellout deal with the Communist Castro dictatorship.
Pledged not to lift sanctions until all political prisoners are freed;
freedoms of assembly and expression are respected; all political parties
are legalized; and free elections are scheduled.
Enacted a new policy aimed at preventing American dollars from funding the
Cuban regime, including stricter travel restrictions and restrictions on
the importation of Cuban alcohol and tobacco.
Implemented a cap on remittances to Cuba.
Enabled Americans to file lawsuits against persons and entities that
traffic in property confiscated by the Cuban regime.
First world leader to recognize Juan Guaido as the Interim President of
Venezuela and led a diplomatic coalition against the Socialist Dictator of
Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro.
Blocked all property of the Venezuelan Government in the jurisdiction of
the United States.
Cut off the financial resources of the Maduro regime and sanctioned key
sectors of the Venezuelan economy exploited by the regime.
Brought criminal charges against Nicolas Maduro for his narco-terrorism.
Imposed stiff sanctions on the Ortega regime in Nicaragua.
Joined together with Mexico and Canada in a successful bid to host the
2026 FIFA World Cup, with 60 matches to be held in the United States.
Won bid to host the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California.

Colossal Rebuilding of the Military

Rebuilt the military and created the Sixth Branch, the United States Space
Force.

Completely rebuilt the United States military with over $2.2 trillion in
defense spending, including $738 billion for 2020.
Secured three pay raises for our service members and their families,
including the largest raise in a decade.
Established the Space Force, the first new branch of the United States
Armed Forces since 1947.
Modernized and recapitalized our nuclear forces and missile defenses to
ensure they continue to serve as a strong deterrent.
Upgraded our cyber defenses by elevating the Cyber Command into a major
warfighting command and by reducing burdensome procedural restrictions on
cyber operations.
Vetoed the FY21 National Defense Authorization Act, which failed to
protect our national security, disrespected the history of our veterans
and military, and contradicted our efforts to put America first.

Defeated terrorists, held leaders accountable for malign actions, and
bolstered peace around the world.

Defeated 100 percent of ISIS’ territorial caliphate in Iraq and Syria.
Freed nearly 8 million civilians from ISIS’ bloodthirsty control, and
liberated Mosul, Raqqa, and the final ISIS foothold of Baghuz.
Killed the leader of ISIS, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, and eliminated the
world’s top terrorist, Qasem Soleimani.
Created the Terrorist Financing Targeting Center (TFTC) in partnership
between the United States and its Gulf partners to combat extremist
ideology and threats, and target terrorist financial networks, including
over 60 terrorist individuals and entities spanning the globe.
Twice took decisive military action against the Assad regime in Syria for
the barbaric use of chemical weapons against innocent civilians, including
a successful 59 Tomahawk cruise missiles strike.
Authorized sanctions against bad actors tied to Syria’s chemical weapons
program.
Negotiated an extended ceasefire with Turkey in northeast Syria.

Addressed gaps in American’s defense-industrial base, providing much-
needed updates to improve the safety of our country.

Protected America’s defense-industrial base, directing the first whole-of-
government assessment of our manufacturing and defense supply chains since
the 1950s.
Took decisive steps to secure our information and communications
technology and services supply chain, including unsafe mobile
applications.
Completed several multi-year nuclear material removal campaigns, securing
over 1,000 kilograms of highly enriched uranium and significantly reducing
global nuclear threats.
Signed an executive order directing Federal agencies to work together to
diminish the capability of foreign adversaries to target our critical
electric infrastructure.
Established a whole-of-government strategy addressing the threat posed by
China’s malign efforts targeting the United States taxpayer-funded
research and development ecosystem.
Advanced missile defense capabilities and regional alliances.
Bolstered the ability of our allies and partners to defend themselves
through the sale of aid and military equipment.
Signed the largest arms deal ever, worth nearly $110 billion, with Saudi
Arabia.

Serving and Protecting Our Veterans

Reformed the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) to improve care, choice,
and employee accountability.

Signed and implemented the VA Mission Act, which made permanent Veterans
CHOICE, revolutionized the VA community care system, and delivered quality
care closer to home for Veterans.
The number of Veterans who say they trust VA services has increased 19
percent to a record 91 percent, an all-time high.
Offered same-day emergency mental health care at every VA medical
facility, and secured $9.5 billion for mental health services in 2020.
Signed the VA Choice and Quality Employment Act of 2017, which ensured
that veterans could continue to see the doctor of their choice and
wouldn’t have to wait for care.
During the Trump Administration, millions of veterans have been able to
choose a private doctor in their communities.
Expanded Veterans’ ability to access telehealth services, including
through the “Anywhere to Anywhere” VA healthcare initiative leading to a
1000 percent increase in usage during COVID-19.
Signed the Veterans Affairs Accountability and Whistleblower Protection
Act and removed thousands of VA workers who failed to give our Vets the
care they have so richly deserve.
Signed the Veterans Appeals Improvement and Modernization Act of 2017 and
improved the efficiency of the VA, setting record numbers of appeals
decisions.
Modernized medical records to begin a seamless transition from the
Department of Defense to the VA.
Launched a new tool that provides Veterans with online access to average
wait times and quality-of-care data.
The promised White House VA Hotline has fielded hundreds of thousands of
calls.
Formed the PREVENTS Task Force to fight the tragedy of Veteran suicide.

Decreased veteran homelessness, improved education benefits, and achieved
record-low veteran unemployment.

Signed and implemented the Forever GI Bill, allowing Veterans to use their
benefits to get an education at any point in their lives.
Eliminated every penny of Federal student loan debt owed by American
veterans who are completely and permanently disabled.
Compared to 2009, 49 percent fewer veterans experienced homelessness
nationwide during 2019.
Signed and implemented the HAVEN Act to ensure that Veterans who’ve
declared bankruptcy don’t lose their disability payments.
Helped hundreds of thousands of military service members make the
transition from the military to the civilian workforce, and developed
programs to support the employment of military spouses.
Placed nearly 40,000 homeless veterans into employment through the
Homeless Veterans Reintegration Program.
Placed over 600,000 veterans into employment through American Job Center
services.
Enrolled over 500,000 transitioning service members in over 20,000
Department of Labor employment workshops.
Signed an executive order to help Veterans transition seamlessly into the
United States Merchant Marine.

Making Communities Safer

Signed into law landmark criminal justice reform.

Signed the bipartisan First Step Act into law, the first landmark criminal
justice reform legislation ever passed to reduce recidivism and help
former inmates successfully rejoin society.
Promoted second chance hiring to give former inmates the opportunity to
live crime-free lives and find meaningful employment.
Launched a new “Ready to Work” initiative to help connect employers
directly with former prisoners.
Awarded $2.2 million to states to expand the use of fidelity bonds, which
underwrite companies that hire former prisoners.
Reversed decades-old ban on Second Chance Pell programs to provide
postsecondary education to individuals who are incarcerated expand their
skills and better succeed in the workforce upon re-entry.
Awarded over $333 million in Department of Labor grants to nonprofits and
local and state governments for reentry projects focused on career
development services for justice-involved youth and adults who were
formerly incarcerated.

Unprecedented support for law-enforcement.

In 2019, violent crime fell for the third consecutive year.
Since 2016, the violent crime rate has declined over 5 percent and the
murder rate has decreased by over 7 percent.
Launched Operation Legend to combat a surge of violent crime in cities,
resulting in more than 5,500 arrests.
Deployed the National Guard and Federal law enforcement to Kenosha to stop
violence and restore public safety.
Provided $1 million to Kenosha law enforcement, nearly $4 million to
support small businesses in Kenosha, and provided over $41 million to
support law enforcement to the state of Wisconsin.
Deployed Federal agents to save the courthouse in Portland from rioters.
Signed an executive order outlining ten-year prison sentences for
destroying Federal property and monuments.
Directed the Department of Justice (DOJ) to investigate and prosecute
Federal offenses related to ongoing violence.
DOJ provided nearly $400 million for new law enforcement hiring.
Endorsed by the 355,000 members of the Fraternal Order of Police.
Revitalized Project Safe Neighborhoods, which brings together Federal,
state, local, and tribal law enforcement officials to develop solutions to
violent crime.
Improved first-responder communications by deploying the FirstNet National
Public Safety Broadband Network, which serves more than 12,000 public
safety agencies across the Nation.
Established a new commission to evaluate best practices for recruiting,
training, and supporting law enforcement officers.
Signed the Safe Policing for Safe Communities executive order to incentive
local police department reforms in line with law and order.
Made hundreds of millions of dollars’ worth of surplus military equipment
available to local law enforcement.
Signed an executive order to help prevent violence against law enforcement
officers.
Secured permanent funding for the 9/11 Victim Compensation Fund for first
responders.

Implemented strong measures to stem hate crimes, gun violence, and human
trafficking.

Signed an executive order making clear that Title VI of the Civil Rights
Act of 1964 applies to discrimination rooted in anti-Semitism.
Launched a centralized website to educate the public about hate crimes and
encourage reporting.
Signed the Fix NICS Act to keep guns out of the hands of dangerous
criminals.
Signed the STOP School Violence Act and created a Commission on School
Safety to examine ways to make our schools safer.
Launched the Foster Youth to Independence initiative to prevent and end
homelessness among young adults under the age of 25 who are in, or have
recently left, the foster care system.
Signed the Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act, which
tightened criteria for whether countries are meeting standards for
eliminating trafficking.
Established a task force to help combat the tragedy of missing or murdered
Native American women and girls.
Prioritized fighting for the voiceless and ending the scourge of human
trafficking across the Nation, through a whole of government back by
legislation, executive action, and engagement with key industries.
Created the first-ever White House position focused solely on combating
human trafficking.

Cherishing Life and Religious Liberty

Steadfastly supported the sanctity of every human life and worked
tirelessly to prevent government funding of abortion.

Reinstated and expanded the Mexico City Policy, ensuring that taxpayer
money is not used to fund abortion globally.
Issued a rule preventing Title X taxpayer funding from subsiding the
abortion industry.
Supported legislation to end late-term abortions.
Cut all funding to the United Nations population fund due to the fund’s
support for coercive abortion and forced sterilization.
Signed legislation overturning the previous administration’s regulation
that prohibited states from defunding abortion facilities as part of their
family planning programs.
Fully enforced the requirement that taxpayer dollars do not support
abortion coverage in Obamacare exchange plans.
Stopped the Federal funding of fetal tissue research.
Worked to protect healthcare entities and individuals’ conscience rights –
ensuring that no medical professional is forced to participate in an
abortion in violation of their beliefs.
Issued an executive order reinforcing requirement that all hospitals in
the United States provide medical treatment or an emergency transfer for
infants who are in need of emergency medical care—regardless of
prematurity or disability.
Led a coalition of countries to sign the Geneva Consensus Declaration,
declaring that there is no international right to abortion and committing
to protecting women’s health.
First president in history to attend the March for Life.

Stood up for religious liberty in the United States and around the world.

Protected the conscience rights of doctors, nurses, teachers, and groups
like the Little Sisters of the Poor.
First president to convene a meeting at the United Nations to end
religious persecution.
Established the White House Faith and Opportunity Initiative.
Stopped the Johnson Amendment from interfering with pastors’ right to
speak their minds.
Reversed the previous administration’s policy that prevented the
government from providing disaster relief to religious organizations.
Protected faith-based adoption and foster care providers, ensuring they
can continue to serve their communities while following the teachings of
their faith.
Reduced burdensome barriers to ensure Native Americans are free to keep
spiritually and culturally significant eagle feathers found on their
tribal lands.
Took action to ensure Federal employees can take paid time off work to
observe religious holy days.
Signed legislation to assist religious and ethnic groups targeted by ISIS
for mass murder and genocide in Syria and Iraq.
Directed American assistance toward persecuted communities, including
through faith-based programs.
Launched the International Religious Freedom Alliance – the first-ever
alliance devoted to confronting religious persecution around the world.
Appointed a Special Envoy to monitor and combat anti-Semitism.
Imposed restrictions on certain Chinese officials, internal security
units, and companies for their complicity in the persecution of Uighur
Muslims in Xinjiang.
Issued an executive order to protect and promote religious freedom around
the world.

Safeguarding the Environment

Took strong action to protect the environment and ensure clean air and
clean water.

Took action to protect vulnerable Americans from being exposed to lead and
copper in drinking water and finalized a rule protecting children from
lead-based paint hazards.
Invested over $38 billion in clean water infrastructure.
In 2019, America achieved the largest decline in carbon emissions of any
country on earth. Since withdrawing from the Paris Climate Accord, the
United States has reduced carbon emissions more than any nation.
American levels of particulate matter – one of the main measures of air
pollution – are approximately five times lower than the global average.
Between 2017 and 2019, the air became 7 percent cleaner – indicated by a
steep drop in the combined emissions of criteria pollutants.
Led the world in greenhouse gas emissions reductions, having cut energy-
related CO2 emissions by 12 percent from 2005 to 2018 while the rest of
the world increased emissions by 24 percent.
In FY 2019 the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) cleaned up more major
pollution sites than any year in nearly two decades.
The EPA delivered $300 million in Brownfields grants directly to
communities most in need including investment in 118 Opportunity Zones.
Placed a moratorium on offshore drilling off the coasts of Georgia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, and Florida.
Restored public access to Federal land at Bears Ears National Monument and
Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.
Recovered more endangered or threatened species than any other
administration in its first term.

Secured agreements and signed legislation to protect the environment and
preserve our Nation’s abundant national resources.

The USMCA guarantees the strongest environmental protections of any trade
agreement in history.
Signed the Save Our Seas Act to protect our environment from foreign
nations that litter our oceans with debris and developed the first-ever
Federal strategic plan to address marine litter.
Signed the Great American Outdoors Act, securing the single largest
investment in America’s National Parks and public lands in history.
Signed the largest public lands legislation in a decade, designating 1.3
million new acres of wilderness.
Signed a historic executive order promoting much more active forest
management to prevent catastrophic wildfires.
Opened and expanded access to over 4 million acres of public lands for
hunting and fishing.
Joined the One Trillion Trees Initiative to plant, conserve, and restore
trees in America and around the world.
Delivered infrastructure upgrades and investments for numerous projects,
including over half a billion dollars to fix the Herbert Hoover Dike and
expanding funding for Everglades restoration by 55 percent.

Expanding Educational Opportunity

Fought tirelessly to give every American access to the best possible
education.

The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act expanded School Choice, allowing parents to use
up to $10,000 from a 529 education savings account to cover K-12 tuition
costs at the public, private, or religious school of their choice.
Launched a new pro-American lesson plan for students called the 1776
Commission to promote patriotic education.
Prohibited the teaching of Critical Race Theory in the Federal government.
Established the National Garden of American Heroes, a vast outdoor park
that will feature the statues of the greatest Americans to ever live.
Called on Congress to pass the Education Freedom Scholarships and
Opportunity Act to expand education options for 1 million students of all
economic backgrounds.
Signed legislation reauthorizing the D.C. Opportunity Scholarship program.
Issued updated guidance making clear that the First Amendment right to
Free Exercise of Religion does not end at the door to a public school.

Took action to promote technical education.

Signed into law the Strengthening Career and Technical Education for the
21st Century Act, which provides over 13 million students with high-
quality vocational education and extends more than $1.3 billion each year
to states for critical workforce development programs.
Signed the INSPIRE Act which encouraged NASA to have more women and girls
participate in STEM and seek careers in aerospace.
Allocated no less than $200 million each year in grants to prioritize
women and minorities in STEM and computer science education.

Drastically reformed and modernized our educational system to restore
local control and promote fairness.

Restored state and local control of education by faithfully implementing
the Every Student Succeeds Act.
Signed an executive order that ensures public universities protect First
Amendment rights or they will risk losing funding, addresses student debt
by requiring colleges to share a portion of the financial risk, and
increases transparency by requiring universities to disclose information
about the value of potential educational programs.
Issued a rule strengthening Title IX protections for survivors of sexual
misconduct in schools, and that – for the first time in history – codifies
that sexual harassment is prohibited under Title IX.
Negotiated historic bipartisan agreement on new higher education rules to
increase innovation and lower costs by reforming accreditation, state
authorization, distance education, competency-based education, credit
hour, religious liberty, and TEACH Grants.

Prioritized support for Historically Black Colleges and Universities.

Moved the Federal Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCU)
Initiative back to the White House.
Signed into law the FUTURE Act, making permanent $255 million in annual
funding for HBCUs and increasing funding for the Federal Pell Grant
program.
Signed legislation that included more than $100 million for scholarships,
research, and centers of excellence at HBCU land-grant institutions.
Fully forgave $322 million in disaster loans to four HBCUs in 2018, so
they could fully focus on educating their students.
Enabled faith-based HBCUs to enjoy equal access to Federal support.

Combatting the Opioid Crisis

Brought unprecedented attention and support to combat the opioid crisis.

Declared the opioid crisis a nationwide public health emergency.
Secured a record $6 billion in new funding to combat the opioid epidemic.
Signed the SUPPORT for Patients and Communities Act, the largest-ever
legislative effort to address a drug crisis in our Nation’s history.
Launched the Initiative to Stop Opioid Abuse and Reduce Drug Supply and
Demand in order to confront the many causes fueling the drug crisis.
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) awarded a record $9
billion in grants to expand access to prevention, treatment, and recovery
services to States and local communities.
Passed the CRIB Act, allowing Medicaid to help mothers and their babies
who are born physically dependent on opioids by covering their care in
residential pediatric recovery facilities.
Distributed $1 billion in grants for addiction prevention and treatment.
Announced a Safer Prescriber Plan that seeks to decrease the amount of
opioids prescriptions filled in America by one third within three years.
Reduced the total amount of opioids prescriptions filled in America.
Expanded access to medication-assisted treatment and life-saving Naloxone.
Launched FindTreatment.gov, a tool to find help for substance abuse.
Drug overdose deaths fell nationwide in 2018 for the first time in nearly
three decades.

Launched the Drug-Impaired Driving Initiative to work with local law
enforcement and the driving public at large to increase awareness.
Launched a nationwide public ad campaign on youth opioid abuse that
reached 58 percent of young adults in America.
Since 2016, there has been a nearly 40 percent increase in the number of
Americans receiving medication-assisted treatment.
Approved 29 state Medicaid demonstrations to improve access to opioid use
disorder treatment, including new flexibility to cover inpatient and
residential treatment.
Approved nearly $200 million in grants to address the opioid crisis in
severely affected communities and to reintegrate workers in recovery back
into the workforce.

Took action to seize illegal drugs and punish those preying on innocent
Americans.

In FY 2019, ICE HSI seized 12,466 pounds of opioids including 3,688 pounds
of fentanyl, an increase of 35 percent from FY 2018.
Seized tens of thousands of kilograms of heroin and thousands of kilograms
of fentanyl since 2017.
The Department of Justice (DOJ) prosecuted more fentanyl traffickers than
ever before, dismantled 3,000 drug trafficking organizations, and seized
enough fentanyl to kill 105,000 Americans.
DOJ charged more than 65 defendants collectively responsible for
distributing over 45 million opioid pills.

Brought kingpin designations against traffickers operating in China,
India, Mexico, and more who have played a role in the epidemic in America.

Indicted major Chinese drug traffickers for distributing fentanyl in the
U.S for the first time ever, and convinced China to enact strict
regulations to control the production and sale of fentanyl.


https://www.whitehouse.gov/trump-administration-
accomplishments/?utm_source=link
Miloch
2021-03-31 00:50:39 UTC
Reply
Permalink
Post by Russia Baby!
As of January 2021
Trump Administration Accomplishments
Unprecedented Economic Boom
Before the China Virus invaded our shores, we built the world’s most
prosperous economy.
Trump’s failed presidency

https://www.brookings.edu/blog/fixgov/2020/03/16/trumps-failed-presidency/

Trump’s presidency is failing rapidly. Like others before him, modern American
presidents fail when they cannot master or comprehend the government that they
inherit. This is a hard concept to grasp in an age when non-stop media coverage
leads us to focus on the president’s communication skills and when presidents
themselves value spin more than expertise. But in the end presidential failure
is about reality, not words—no matter how lofty and inspiring or how crude and
insulting.

Contemporary presidents are especially prone to mistaking spin for reality for
several reasons. First of all, they are nominated not by other elected officials
who have some sense of what it takes to govern, but by activists and party
electorates who value inspiration and entertainment. Second, the importance of
mass communication leads presidents to believe that the words and activities
that got them into office can work once they are in office: more rallies, more
speeches, more tweets, and more television advertising.

Nothing can be further from the truth.

Presidential scholars have been aware of the disjuncture between campaigning and
governing for some time now. More than a decade ago, Sam Kernell wrote a book
called Going Public: New Strategies of Presidential Leadership (CQ Press, 2007),
in which he showed that beginning with President Kennedy, modern presidents
spent a great deal more time on minor presidential addresses and on domestic and
international travel than their predecessors. All this communication, he argued,
came at the expense of actual governing. Later on another presidential scholar,
George C. Edwards III, writing in Overreach, Leadership in the Obama Presidency
(Princeton University Press, 2012) argued that Obama thought he could go
directly to the public to get support for his programs, an approach that placed
communication over negotiation and that resulted in a stunning midterm loss for
his party.

Reality still matters, and spin has its limits—even in an era of social media.

As long as things are going okay for most people, Americans tolerate a
president’s verbal gymnastics. But when people are in trouble, even the most
ardent government haters ask that famous question: “Where’s the government?” And
for most Americans, the president is the government. Following the botched
federal response to Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the collateral damage to the
presidency of George W. Bush was extensive. His popularity never recovered and
his second-term agenda, including bold changes to Social Security, was
destroyed. Nearly a decade later when President Obama rolled out his signature
achievement, the Affordable Care Act, the hugely embarrassing crashing of the
computer systems meant to implement the act increased Republican opposition to
it and undermined public confidence in the government’s ability to implement
important executive actions.

Trump’s failures during the coronavirus pandemic run the gamut from the
rhetorical to the organizational. Every time the president speaks he seems to
add to the fear and chaos surrounding the situation: telling Americans it was
not serious by asserting his “hunches” about data, assuring people that everyone
would be tested even when there were very few tests available, telling people
that we are very close to a vaccine when it is anywhere from 12 to 18 months
away, mistakenly asserting that goods as well as people from Europe would be
forbidden from entering the United States, and announcing that Google had a
website for testing while the initiative was merely an unimplemented idea, were
just a few of his televised gaffes. After every presidential statement,
“clarifications” were needed. Trump has the unique distinction of giving a
national address meant to calm the country that had the effect of taking the
stock market down over 1,000 points.

We have come to expect verbal imprecision and outright lies from this president,
but that is more easily corrected on less momentous developments. When there is
fundamental incompetence on matters of tremendous importance, voters punish poor
results. And this is where Trump’s actions on the coronavirus have gone far off
target. One of the most glaring deficiencies of his administration has been the
failure to have enough tests available to identify those infected and to screen
others for possible exposure. South Korea, a country a fraction of the size of
the United States, is testing thousands more people a day than the United
States. The failure to produce tests quickly will go down as one of the biggest
failures in the overall handling of this disease because it prevented
authorities from understanding the scope of the pandemic and therefore made it
difficult for them to undertake appropriate steps to mitigate its spread. Other
countries had tests and now state governments are rapidly rolling out their own
tests after the CDC belatedly removed regulatory barriers. Even the nation’s
chief infectious disease doctor, Anthony Fauci, has admitted that testing is a
major failure—a statement that is most certainly not one of the president’s
talking points.

In this and other areas, Trump has failed to learn from the failures of his
predecessors. When President Ronald Reagan signed into law the fundamental
restructuring of the military known as the Goldwater-Nichols reforms,[1] he did
this knowing that he did not want a military fiasco on his watch like the failed
Iranian rescue mission that did in Jimmy Carter’s presidency. And following the
total breakdown in the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s handling of
Hurricane Katrina, President Barack Obama made sure his FEMA director was an
experienced state emergency management director. He knew that poor performance
during natural disasters would doom his presidency.

During the Obama Administration, the White House dealt with a precursor of the
coronavirus: the Ebola virus. While the scrambling eventually worked out thanks
to decisive executive office leadership, it illustrated that pandemics were a
fundamental national security threat. They created the Global Health Security
Team in the National Security Council to prepare. In May of 2018, Trump
disbanded the team allegedly because he never thought pandemics would happen and
because “I’m a business person. I don’t like having thousands of people around
when you don’t need them.” Trump’s hurried justification for abandoning a unit
(that was well short of thousands) showed Trump’s limited understanding of why
government is different from business—it is in the business of preparing for
low-probability events. For instance, the United States military spends billions
every year preparing for wars all over the globe and even in outer space that
may never take place. The art of presidential leadership is anticipating major
problems and coming up with plans to mitigate them.

In addition to learning from past administrations, presidents need the ability
to anticipate reactions to their actions. The Trump administration has been
especially inept on this dimension from the beginning. The first big executive
order he issued, largely banning Muslims from coming to America, was so
ill-conceived that chaos broke out in airports around the world as people with
green cards to work in America and Muslims who had assisted U.S. military forces
in Iraq were initially turned away. Airport chaos seems to be a specialty of the
Trump administration. It reappeared this past weekend, as Americans came home
from Europe in huge numbers following Trump’s announcement to close off
travelers from Europe and screen returning Americans. When travelers arrived,
they found vastly inadequate staffing at airports and were thus forced into the
very situation medical authorities were warning against: large crowds being
hoarded into small spaces with constant, close contact.

Trump has also failed to fill top government positions and turnover is far
higher than in any other recent administration, as Katherine Tenpas has tracked
on these pages. The absence of expertise in top government jobs is especially
dangerous during emergencies. Also, when positions are filled they have not
necessarily gone to the strongest candidates. Take for instance leadership at
the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the nation’s top agency for
infectious diseases. Dr. Robert Redfield’s appointment was opposed by the Center
for Science in the Public Interest which warned the administration that Redfield
lacked a public health background and that he was under investigation for
scientific misconduct.

Modern presidents inherit an enormous enterprise called the federal government
that employs about the same number of people as the 6 largest U.S. companies and
has a combined annual revenue that is larger than the combined revenues of the
top 16 companies in the Fortune 500.[2] No wonder modern presidents have had
trouble managing this enterprise—in an organization this big, something is
always going right and something is always going wrong. A president who
understands what’s going right can call on deep wells of expertise to protect
himself from the failures that will inevitably be attributed to him. And on the
flip side, a president who is aware of what’s going wrong can take corrective
actions and try to stave off the kinds of bureaucratic meltdowns that will also
be attributed to him.

As Oval Office leadership fails while the pandemic spreads, governors, mayors,
university presidents, religious leaders, business executives, and health
providers are stepping into the leadership vacuum that has been the Trump
presidency. They have sent workers home to telework, announced their own social
distancing rules, and developed their steps to limit the spread of the pandemic.
This tragedy teaches us many things about preparedness and public health, but it
also warns us about the dangers of presidents who are manifestly unprepared to
govern.




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